Three key players in Belarus have been gathering and analysing evidence for the latest Torino Process round: the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Labour and Ministry of Economics.
Each ministry is responsible for different aspects of VET reform – education for process and standards; labour for the development of a national qualifications framework; and economics for ensuring programme reforms meet labour market demands.
Belarus has been involved in the Torino Process since it began in 2010. Since then, a new education code has been introduced, replacing an earlier law on education with a more focused document that gives stronger guidance for VET management and is more flexible.
‘We have been able to continuously update the code thanks to the Torino Process during the last five years,’ says Alena Bychko, deputy director of the Republican Institute of Professional Education, Minsk.
The Torino Process provides ‘defined information for concrete issues’ that enables professionals and officials to ‘optimise the value and implementation of VET in Belarus.’
One aspect of that is an ongoing reduction and clarification in the number of VET professional profiles from 235 to 160 to increase the relevance of VET to the labour market.
Another reform is the establishment of 16 VET Resource Centres that concentrate on offering top class training in 30 key competencies – such as welding or baking. By bringing together the best-trained staff and top of the range equipment and taking students to these centres for training, VET managers are able to make better, more efficient use of scarce practical, human and financial resources.
Bychko sums up the impact of the Torino Process in Belarus as ‘effective, useful and results-oriented.’
‘The data analysis enables us to use all our resources more effectively because we can see what actually needs to be done and this produces effective results.’
Priorities for further development include improving professional standards, adjusting the NQF system and launching sector councils.